The Ground Under Our Feet | Permaculture San Joaquin – Colombia

The soil is quite literary the base of our existence. All minerals and elements are present in the ground. The quality of the soil determines the quality of all that lives. The soil is not ‘one thing’, it’s build up in layers. The top layer, the topsoil, is most relevant to us. This layer, called the A horizon in science, contains organic particles and a stunning amount of micro organisms: bacteria, fungi, and microscopic ‘worms’. These organisms do a lot of work in the soil: they structure it, hold on to water and convert minerals from rocks, sand and clay to states that plants can absorb. They break down organic material, like wood and plant remains, to make nutrients availa….

Source: The Ground Under Our Feet | Permaculture San Joaquin – Colombia