I planted the first two apple trees, the Cortland and the Honeycrisp. I removed many cobbles and rocks and encircled the tree basins. Leaf mulch will go on top next.Months ago, I looked up our property on a USDA website that tracks soil types. According to the site, our soil was called “Jefferson cobbly loam.” I could see the cobbly part around our property, but when I was digging garden beds, I didn’t consider what I was digging to be loam, even a “silt loam” as the website called it. Yesterday, I noticed that the soil was brown and similar to a fine loam, completely different from the orange clay-like stuff in front of our house.Thanks to that clue, we think we understand why our garden dirt didn’t seem loamy. Probably, when the house was built, the side of the mountain was carved out, and the topsoil of Jefferson cobbly loam was removed. The orchard, which is above the dip where our house is, would have remained untouched. Lucky for us, we planned to put fruit and nut trees up there in addition to a whole area reserved for vegetable beds. I think this soil won’t require quite as much amendment as the front and side gardens.