ntensive crop agriculture is characterized by innovations designed to increase yield. Techniques include planting multiple crops per year, reducing the frequency of fallow years and improving cultivars. It also involves increased use of fertilizers, plant growth regulators, pesticides and mechanization, controlled by increased and more detailed analysis of growing conditions, including weather, soil, water, weeds and pests.
This system is supported by ongoing innovation in agricultural machinery and farming methods, genetic technology, techniques for achieving economies of scale, logistics and data collection and analysis technology. Intensive farms are widespread in developed nations and increasingly prevalent worldwide.
Smaller intensive farms include higher inputs of labour and use intensive methods that are claimed to be more sustainable. The farming practices commonly found on such farms are referred to as appropriate technology. These farms are less widespread in both developed countries and worldwide, but are growing more rapidly. Most of the food available in specialty markets such as farmers markets is produced by these smallholder farms.
Conventional farming is typically tied to chemical farming.
The organic farming differs from the conventional farming in a number of ways. In conventional farming, synthetic chemicals are made use of to increase the growth of cultivation. However, in organic farming it is preferable to use organic wastes and compost in the form of fertilizers, which can result in increasing the nutrients supplied to the plants.
To get rid of pests and weeds, a conventional farming method would make use of pesticide or insecticides. However, with organic farming, the farmers would prefer making use of birds and some insects that would destroy the harm causing insects. At times, the organic farming would also go through to destroy the mating season of the pests, or even go in for trapping the pests rather than making use of chemicals.
To get rid of weeds, conventional farming methods make use of herbicides. On the other hand, organic farming would prefer going in for rotation of the crops that would prevent the particular weed from destroying a plant. Also, organic farmers would prefer going in for hand picking of the weeds or tilling to control the weed growth.
Off late the organic food has gained a lot of popularity as they are being considered as healthy because of the methods that are used in the farming of these foods. There are concerns over the pesticides that are used on food and the growth hormones that are injected into poultry, whether they would be good for the healthy development of humans or not. Organic foods, not only promise to give you and your family a healthy meal, as they are not genetically modified and also do not contain any preservatives, but also help you in saving the environment and the ecosystem.
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